What fruits can you eat with diabetes mellitus product table

Diabetes at any age can not be a sentence, because you can live a full and high-quality even with such a serious illness. It is not necessary to deny yourself the usual foods and fruits, there is more than that, that they become the main source of minerals, vitamins and vital fiber.

In this situation, the main condition will be a careful selection of these same fruits. You should stop your attention only on those vegetables and fruits with diabetes mellitus, which have a low glycemic index, and still do not forget about the size of servings.

Important! Under the glycemic index should be understood the rate of conversion of glucose from carbohydrates, which entered the human body.

What is better to choose a diabetic?

Speaking about what kind of fruit you can eat with diabetes, we note that these are those whose glycemic index does not exceed the mark of 55-70. If this figure is over 70 points, then the product is contraindicated in diabetes of any type. Adhering to such a simple recommendation, it is quite possible to keep blood sugar at a normal level. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the volume of the portion eaten.

It is the glycemic index that makes it possible to understand the rate at which the carbohydrates produced will break down into sugar and enter the bloodstream. This is extremely important for those who suffer from diabetes, because a sharp jump in the level of glucose in the blood is dangerous to the health and health of a sick person.

The peculiarity of type 1 diabetes is that it occurs at a sufficiently young age and that is why patients know perfectly well what foods they are allowed and which are completely banned. Diabetes of the second type is a slightly different picture. The disease affects more adult people who find it difficult to adapt to the new realities of their lives and make an adequate menu of fruits.

In order to make the right choice, you should use only sour or sweet-sour varieties. Juicy and sugar varieties of fruits can extremely negatively affect health, causing a sharp jump in glucose in the blood of a patient with diabetes.

We must not forget that juices from fruits and vegetables are several times heavier in terms of glycemia than the products from which they were extracted. This picture is observed in view of the fact that juice is a liquid without fiber, which plays a significant role in the absorption of sugar. The table shows the main vegetables, fruits, juice, as well as their glycemic index.

Apricots / Dried Apricots (Dried Apricots)20 / 30
Cherry plum25
Orange / Orange Fresh35 / 40
Green bananas30-45
Grape / Grape Juice44-45 / 45
Pomegranate / Pomegranate Juice35 / 45
Grapefruit / grapefruit juice22 / 45-48
Peach / Nectarine30 / 35
Plum / Dried Plums (Prunes)22 / 25
Apples, Juice, Dry Apples35 / 30 / 40-50

What to eat diabetics?

Patients with diabetes can indulge themselves:

  • grapefruit
  • apples
  • oranges,
  • pears
  • near some fruits growing on the tree.

A little more careful to be with mango, with the consumption of melons, watermelons and pineapples, these fruits are not quite recommended for people with diabetes.

Those fruits with diabetes that have been thermally processed will have an even higher glycemic index. Patients with diabetes of any type are strongly advised not to use any variation of dried fruit.

Enough to include in the diet not only vegetables, fruits, but also berries:

  • cranberries,
  • gooseberry,
  • hawthorn
  • cranberries,
  • sea ​​buckthorn
  • red currant.

And you can eat not only raw these fruits, but also give them a different treatment. You can cook all sorts of desserts, but as much as possible to exclude the addition of sugar in the dishes. Just ideal would be to use a sugar substitute. However, the best, of course, will be to eat vegetables and fruits in their natural form.

If you really want the forbidden fruit, you can pamper yourself by dividing it into several tricks. This will not only bring joy to the stomach, but also will not be able to cause an increase in the level of glucose in the blood.

How to calculate the ideal portion for yourself?

Even the safest glycemic fruit can be harmful to any type of diabetic if consumed in unlimited quantities. It is very good to choose one that fits easily into the palm of your hand. In addition, you can simply divide a large apple or orange, melon, into pieces, if you could not find a smaller fruit.

As for the berries, the ideal portion will be a small cup filled with them. If we talk about melon or watermelon, then it is not worth eating more than one slice at a time. There is still a trick that will help reduce the rate of transition of carbohydrates into sugar. This can be done if you eat vegetables and fruits or berries along with cheese, nuts or cookies with a minimum fat content.

The right choice of diabetic

At first glance, it may seem that a diabetic of any type should deprive himself of everything, but this opinion is fundamentally wrong! There are ideal fruits that will saturate the body with the necessary amount of vitamins and fiber.

Apples. They can and should be eaten with type 2 or 2 diabetes. It is apples that contain pectin, which is able to qualitatively clean the blood and thus help to reduce the level of glucose in it. In addition to pectin, apples contain vitamin C, potassium, fiber and iron in sufficient quantities. These fruits are available all year round and can help overcome the effects of depression, remove excess fluid and remove swelling. By the way. along the way, with diabetes it is good to know what can be eaten with inflammation of the pancreas, so that the diet is balanced.

Pears If you choose the fruit is not very sweet, then they, like apples, will be digested in the stomach for a long time, and also contribute to weight loss.

Grapefruit. Everyone has long known that this particular citrus contains a huge supply of vitamin C, which protects the body from viruses, which is quite relevant during the period of massive colds. The glycemic index of grapefruit is so small that even a rather large fruit, eaten in one sitting, will not lead to an increase in the level of glucose in the blood of a patient with diabetes mellitus of any type.

But what about dried fruit?

As already noted, dried fruits in patients with this disease under the strictest prohibition. But, if you show a little imagination, then it is quite possible to prepare a drink that is not only delicious, but also harmless in terms of glycemia. To do this, soak the dried fruit for 6 hours and then boil it twice, but each time changing the water to a new portion.

Ideal berries for diabetic

Truly priceless can be called a cherry. The berry contains such a huge amount of coumarin and iron that it is quite enough to prevent the formation of blood clots. Even sweet cherry can not lead to excessive formation of glucose in the blood.

Gooseberry, especially unripe, will be quite useful for this category of patients. It contains a lot of fiber and vitamin C.

Blackberries, lingonberries and blueberries are a real storehouse of vitamins B, P, K and C, pectin and special tannins.

Currants red and black will also be an excellent option for diabetics of all types. Not only berries can be eaten, but also the leaves of this amazing shrub. If carefully washed currant leaves brew in boiling water, you get a great tea.

Red, delicious and juicy raspberries can also become a welcome guest in the diabetic's diet, but still you should not get carried away because of the high content of fructose in the berry.

In no case does diabetes mellitus cancels a complete and varied diet. It is only important to keep a permanent record of food eaten and choose only those foods that are not capable of harming an already weakened body. If the patient is not quite oriented in the permitted fruits, then you can have a special notebook where you can record every day everything eaten and the reaction to it. This approach will help not only to remember foods with a low glycemic index, but also to qualitatively diversify their diet.

Video - What kind of fruit can a diabetic eat, and which not?

All diabetics are contraindicated in the use of freshly squeezed fruit juices to the extent of elevated glucose, which can significantly increase the level of sugar. However, there is a list of permitted drinks for diabetics:

  • lemon juice. The drink should be without the addition of water, in fact the readiness of its use very slowly and in small sips. This juice has a great effect on the vascular walls and is an excellent prophylactic against atherosclerosis. Favorably affects metabolic processes,
  • pomegranate juice. In case of diabetes of the second type, various complications can be observed; in order to prevent them, it is recommended to pay attention to the correct products that help to improve the patient's condition. Acceptance of pomegranate juice involves the addition of a small amount of honey. If the patient has problems with the stomach, then the use of this juice should be excluded, as well as lemon juice.

Principles of nutrition in diabetes

It is important! If diabetes is diagnosed of the second type, then purchased juices are strictly prohibited. In their manufacture they use sugar, which negatively affects the state of the diabetic. And also in such a drink will be present artificial substitutes for color and color.

Dried fruits are one of the most useful products, but they are not included in the category of diabetics. To the best of sugar content, dried fruits are contraindicated for diabetics.

They can be used exclusively for the preparation of juice or juice. To do this, it is recommended to pre-soak the dried fruits, and then boil the products for a long time. To improve the taste, you can add a small amount of cinnamon and sweetener, designed specifically for diabetics.

3 groups of products for diabetics

For diabetics, you should forget about foods such as dried bananas, dried papaya, avocados, and figs.

The nutritional organization of a diabetic should be based on an individual diet that complies with the permissible norms in the use of fruit. Therefore, before you start eating fruits, you need to undergo a diagnosis of the body and consult with your doctor so as not to raise the sugar level of fruits.

In the preparation of the diet, the selection of products should be selected by a specialist, and should be focused on the glycemic index for which all calculations are carried out. We should not forget that the disease of the second type is insulin-dependent, therefore, the excess of the quantitative indicator of glucose, used together with fruit, can become critical.

Boris Ryabikin - 10/28/2016

Diabetes mellitus has a different origin, course of the disease and degree of insulin dependence. The first degree provides for everyday injections of insulin, the second degree is lighter, requires a moderate approach to the formation of the diet and medication. For some patients there are severe dietary restrictions, for others, with a mild form of diabetes, most often, you can get by with a moderate diet.

Eating vegetables and fruits is necessary, they contain fiber, which removes accumulated slags and reduces weight, as well as vitamins and minerals, accelerating metabolic processes, pectin, which reduces cholesterol and blood sugar.

A glycemic index is used to control normal blood sugar levels, an indicator that determines the rate of carbohydrate absorption. There are three degrees:

  • low - up to 30%
  • average level - 30-70%,
  • high index - 70-90%

In first-degree diabetes, you must also take into account the daily intake of insulin. In patients with diabetes of the first degree, with a high glycemic level, almost all fruits and vegetables are excluded from food, diabetics of the second degree - you need to use them with caution. For each patient it is necessary to select an individual diet and in the selection vegetables and fruits with diabetes better to pre-consult with your doctor.

Depending on the percentage of simple carbohydrates, foods are divided into the following categories:

  • Indicator glycemic index - up to 30%. Such products are slow to digest and are safe for diabetics. This group includes whole-grain cereals, poultry, some types of vegetables.
  • Index of 30-70%. Such products include oatmeal, buckwheat, legumes, some dairy products, eggs. This type of product should be used with caution, especially those who take insulin daily.
  • Index of 70-90%. High glycemic index, which means that the products contain a large number of easily digestible sugars. Products of this group of diabetics should be consumed carefully, in consultation with your doctor. These products include potatoes, rice, semolina, honey, flour, chocolate.
  • Index over 90%. The so-called “black list” of diabetics - sugar, confectionery and oriental sweets, white bread, corn of different varieties.

The formation of the daily diet should be coordinated with the doctor, because A number of foods can raise sugar levels, lead to exacerbations or worsen the health of a diabetic.

Patients with type 2 diabetes can eat different types of vegetables containing fiber daily, with a small percentage of glucose and carbohydrates. What vegetables are allowed to include in the diet of patients with diabetes:

  • Cabbage is low in calories and rich in fiber. Broccoli, broccoli containing vitamins A, C, D as well as calcium and iron, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower (fresh or boiled).
  • Spinach containing vitamin K and folic acid, normalizing pressure.
  • Cucumbers, (due to the rich content of potassium, vitamin C).
  • Bulgarian pepper (reduces the rate of sugar and cholesterol, is indicated for diabetics of the first and second types).
  • Eggplant (contribute to the removal of fats and toxins from the body).
  • Squashes (improve metabolism and reduce weight), shown in small quantities.
  • Pumpkin (despite the high glycemic index, helps reduce glucose levels and accelerate the processing of insulin).
  • Celery.
  • Lentils
  • Bow.
  • Lettuce, dill, parsley.

Most green foods have a beneficial effect on lower blood sugar and on health in general. "Correct" vegetables accelerate carbohydrate metabolism, neutralize harmful toxins, normalize metabolic processes.

It is necessary to limit the vegetables containing starch - potatoes, beans, green peas, corn. In diabetes, these types of vegetables are contraindicated:

  • beets (one of the sweetest vegetables),
  • carrot (causes jumps in the level of sugar and cholesterol - due to a large percentage of starches),
  • potatoes (like carrots, contain a lot of starch, which increases blood sugar levels),
  • tomatoes contain a lot of glucose.

It is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor, from which products you can form a daily diet with some form of diabetes. When appearing overweight you can not starve, trying to lose weight, it is better to deal with this problem with a balanced diet. Also, pay attention to effective methods of treating type II diabetes.

Doctors recommend taking Ferment S6 with food, which greatly enhances the chances of a quick decrease in blood sugar. The unique plant medicine is the latest development of Ukrainian scientists. It has a natural composition, does not contain synthetic additives and has no side effects. It has been clinically proven that the drug is highly effective for patients with type 2 diabetes.

Ferment S6 has a comprehensive tonic effect, restores metabolic processes in the body. Improves the endocrine, cardiovascular and digestive systems. You can learn more about this drug and order it anywhere in Ukraine on the official website http://ferment-s6.com

To control the sugar content in the blood, the formation of the diet should take into account the glycemic index of various fruits and vegetables. Failure to follow the diet can lead to exacerbation of the disease.

Diabetics may be allowed such fruits and berries:

To eat fruits and berries to diabetics of the second type, preferably in fresh or frozen form, not boiled in syrups, dried fruits are prohibited.

The use of bananas, melons, sweet cherries, tangerines, pineapples, persimmons is not recommended, and juices from these fruits are undesirable. Do not eat grapes with type 2 diabetes. Forbidden fruits with such diagnoses are dates and figs. Do not eat dried fruits and compotes of them. If you really want, you can make a dried fruit uzvar, soaking dry berries for five to six hours in water, boil two times to change the water and cook until ready. In the resulting compote, you can add a little cinnamon and sweetener.

Why some fruits are dangerous for those who have high levels of sugar:

  • Pineapple can cause jumps in sugar levels. For all its usefulness - low calorie, the presence of vitamin C, strengthening the immune system - this fruit is contraindicated for patients with diabetes of various types.
  • Bananas have a high starch content, which is unfavorable. affects blood sugar.
  • The grapes of any varieties are contraindicated for diabetics due to the high glucose content, which increases the normal level of sugar.

Diabetics of different types can drink these types of juices:

  • tomato,
  • lemon (cleans the walls of blood vessels, improves metabolic processes and cleansing from slags and toxins, it should be drunk in small sips without water and sugar),
  • pomegranate juice (it is recommended to drink with the addition of honey),
  • bilberry,
  • birch,
  • cranberry,
  • cabbage,
  • beet,
  • cucumber,
  • carrot, can be in a mixed form, for example, 2 liters of apple and liter of carrot, drink without sugar or add about 50 grams of sugar substitute.

How to determine the optimal amount of fruits or vegetables used in food

Even eating vegetables or fruits with a low glycemic index can cause an excess of the permissible level of sugar in the body. Therefore, when selecting a daily food menu, you need to pay attention to the indicators of a particular product, and calculate the optimal amount of its consumption. A portion of fruit should not exceed 300 grams for sour varieties (apples, pomegranates, oranges, kiwi) and 200 grams of sour-sweet (pears, peaches, plums).

If, after reading this article, you still have questions about nutrition in diabetes, write in the comments at the bottom of this article, I will be happy to advise you.

What fruits and vegetables can you eat with type 2 diabetes?

Diet for diabetes involves the rejection of many foods, including some types of fruits and vegetables.

However, it is not recommended to completely exclude them from the diabetic diet, since they are an irreplaceable source of vitamins, minerals and plant fiber.

But in order to prevent an increase in blood sugar levels and the development of hyperglycemia, it is important to know what kind of vegetables and fruits you can eat with diabetes.

This information will help ensure diabetic nutrition and prevent the development of complications.

Indicators of the utility of fruits and vegetables in diabetes

The most important indicator of the usefulness of products with diabetes mellitus is the glycemic index (GI). It is he who determines which fruits and vegetables can be eaten with diabetes, and which are not. The glycemic index is an indicator of the body's response to a particular food in comparison with glucose, the GI of which is 100.

However, a high glycemic index is not always indicative of the harmfulness of the product for a diabetic patient. There is another indicator that indicates the rate of glucose absorption by the body and the intensity of insulin production. It is called the glycemic load or insulin index.

No less important indicators of utility are bread units (COO), which help determine the amount of carbohydrates contained in the product. So 1 XE is equal to 12 g of carbohydrates.

The higher the number of bread units, the more carbohydrates are included in the composition of vegetables and fruits.

Vegetables can and should be eaten with type 2 diabetes. They should be the basis of a person's diet with impaired glucose uptake in the body. Vegetables with diabetes is best consumed raw, because in this case they have the lowest glycemic index and contain the maximum amount of nutrients, fiber and pectins.

Cooked, stewed, fried, pickled and canned vegetables have a higher glycemic index, and the presence of nutritional components in them is markedly reduced. In addition, heat treatment destroys fiber, which slows down the absorption of carbohydrates by the body, and the vegetable itself becomes more nutritious.

In diabetes of the second type, you should choose vegetables with a low glycemic level, with a low carbohydrate content and the lowest calorie content. In order not to confuse healthy foods with harmful ones, every diabetic person should always carry with them a full list of permitted vegetables.

What vegetables can you eat with diabetes and their glycemic index:

  1. Lettuce - 10,
  2. Tomatoes - 10,
  3. Eggplant - 10,
  4. White cabbage - 10,
  5. Broccoli - 10,
  6. Onions - 10,
  7. Asparagus - 15,
  8. Courgettes and zucchini - 15,
  9. Radishes - 15,
  10. Spinach - 15,
  11. Onions parey - 15,
  12. Bulgarian pepper - 15,
  13. Cauliflower - 15,
  14. Cucumbers - 20,
  15. Garlic - 30.

But not all vegetables are equally useful for diabetics. There are varieties of vegetables that can not be eaten with diabetes. The list of prohibited foods mainly includes vegetables, used only in finished form.

What vegetables can not eat with diabetes and their glycemic index:

  • Sweet potato (sweet potato) - 60,
  • Beetroot - 70,
  • Pumpkin - 75,
  • Carrots - 85,
  • Pasternak - 85,
  • Turnip, turnip - 85,
  • Potatoes - 90.

It is important to emphasize that carrots, turnips and pumpkins are products with a high glycemic index but a low glycemic load. That is, their use does not cause an instantaneous jump in blood glucose. Therefore, they can be eaten with elevated sugar, but in small quantities.

It is also important to remember that a low-calorie diet is recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, they should choose for their diet vegetables with the lowest content of calories. But here it is necessary to emphasize that boiled, and especially fried vegetables, have a higher caloric content.

Diabetics are not prohibited to canned vegetables. For example, sauerkraut contains even fewer carbohydrates and calories than fresh, and its GI is 15. In general, the glycemic index of vegetables that have undergone the salting process only increases slightly compared to fresh vegetable crops. Therefore, canned vegetables for diabetes can regularly appear on the table in diabetics.

With the proper use of vegetables, the patient's glycemic indicators may even become lower. This is due to the high content of fiber and pectin fibers. They help cleanse the body, eliminate toxins and toxins, as well as normalize metabolism.

The most harmful vegetable in diabetes mellitus type 2 is potato, which contains a large amount of starch. This vegetable maintains a high glycemic index in any method of cooking - boiling, frying and roasting in the oven or on the coals.

To eat potatoes with elevated sugar, it is necessary to soak it in water for a long time. This will help remove some of the starch from the tubers and lower the GI value.

You can fill the finished potatoes only with vegetable oil, preferably olive oil.

Many patients ask themselves: what kind of fruit with diabetes can you eat without fear of possible complications? In fact, fruits are not harmful in diabetes and can be included in the daily diet of the patient. The main thing is to eat them in moderation and choose fruits with a low glycemic index.

Most fruits have a sweet taste, which they acquire due to their high sugar content. Therefore, with elevated sugar, they are eaten with great care, and sometimes for a time excluded from the diet. But for patients with well compensated diabetes, sweet fruits are allowed in quite large quantities, including in the form of fruit salads.

There is a special table in which all permitted fruits for diabetics are listed. The patient must have it at hand, and it is better to learn by heart. Knowing which fruits have the highest and which have the lowest glycemic index, the patient will be able to prevent any complications of diabetes.

Medium and low glycemic fruit:

  1. Avocado - 15,
  2. Lemon - 29,
  3. Strawberry - 32,
  4. Cherry - 32,
  5. Cherry plum - 35,
  6. Sour apples - 35,
  7. Pomelo - 42,
  8. Mandarins - 43,
  9. Grapefruit - 43,
  10. Plums - 47,
  11. Pomegranate - 50,
  12. Peaches - 50,
  13. Pears - 50,
  14. Nectarine - 50,
  15. Kiwi - 50,
  16. Papaya - 50,
  17. Oranges - 50.

As can be seen, the glycemic index of fruits permitted for diabetics does not exceed 50 GI. Therefore, they can be eaten with diabetes mellitus that proceeds with complications. It is important to remember that the sweeter the taste, the more sugar is in the fruit. Therefore, eat sour and sweet and sour fruits, for example, citrus fruits, apples, cherries and plums.

Fruits with high glycemic index:

  • Figs - 52,
  • Sweet apples - 55,
  • Melon - 57,
  • Lychee - 57,
  • Apricots - 63,
  • Grapes - 66,
  • Persimmon - 72,
  • Watermelon - 75,
  • Mango - 80,
  • Bananas - 82,
  • Pineapples - 94,
  • Fresh dates - 102.

Fruit in diabetes can not be replaced by other products, including vegetables or herbs. They are rich in unique nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Fruits can be eaten raw, as well as making savory stewed fruit drinks and fruit drinks from them.

The use of certain types of fruit helps to lower cholesterol in the blood and help burn those extra pounds. These include grapefruit and pomelo, which contain special lipolytic enzymes. They accelerate lipid metabolism, which leads to rapid breakdown of fats.

Fruits go well with dairy products, which are also necessary for a diabetic patient. Slices of fruit can be added to low-fat yogurt or kefir and thus prepare a light, but nutritious breakfast. Fruit is very suitable for snacking between meals, especially after exercise.

Special mention deserve fruit juices that can be drunk with diabetes, but only in strictly limited quantities. The fact is that in the juices there is no plant fiber, which prevents the rapid ingress of sugar into the blood, which means they can provoke an attack of hyperglycemia. To lower their glycemic index, diabetics should mix fruit juices with vegetable ones.

But you should understand which juice you can drink and which should not. First of all, all purchased juices must be added to the list of prohibited foods, as they contain sugar and other harmful substances. Juices need to be prepared independently from fresh high-quality fruits.

Speaking about what can and cannot be eaten in diabetes, it is necessary to tell about dried fruits. Dried fruits have a high glycemic index and contain large amounts of carbohydrates. However, endocrinologists do not advise their patients to completely abandon this product.

Dried fruits are a concentration of all the beneficial properties of the fruit. Therefore, in order to saturate the body with vitamins, minerals and other essential elements, it is enough to eat only one handful of dried fruits. This amount of product can not harm the patient, even with elevated sugar.

With diabetes, any fruit preserves and jams, as well as fruit pies, are strictly forbidden. They contain too much sugar, the use of which can cause a severe attack of hyperglycemia and cause diabetic coma.

What fruits and vegetables can be used by diabetics described in the video in this article.

What fruits can be eaten with diabetes and restrictions in their use

Many diabetics are interested in the question of how compatible the concepts of diabetes and fruit are. This endocrine system pathology requires mandatory monitoring of the amount of sugar in the blood, which is achieved by adhering to a low-carb diet. Since carbohydrate metabolism is disturbed, when eating sweet fruits of plants, the level of glucose in the bloodstream quickly increases to unacceptable values.

Fruits, in turn, are a source of valuable micro and macronutrients, vitamins and other beneficial substances, therefore they are necessarily recommended to be included in the daily menu, especially for sick people. But what do diabetics who are restricted to eating sweets do?

Doctors say that with the right approach, eating fruit is also advisable in case of diabetes. And what kind of fruits you can eat for diabetics, and how to use them correctly, you will learn from this article.

Can I eat fruit when diagnosing a disease

More recently, people with impaired glucose assimilation are strictly forbidden to use any fruit due to the content of quickly digestible carbohydrates, which can lead to very high glucose meters.

However, the long-term study of the disease by specialists, the conduct of various studies by scientists has led to the fact that today diabetics are not only allowed to eat fruits, but they even recommend including them in the daily menu, since the fruits of plants bring immense benefit to the body weakened by the disease.

Diabetics usually know their blood sugar level, because they constantly monitor this indicator, if it fluctuates near the normal mark or is slightly exceeded, that is, sugar-lowering drugs do their job, then you can include some sweet fruits in the diet.

What kind of fruit you can have in diabetes, information on the amount of monosaccharides in plant foods will help you learn, and how a particular fruit will affect the carbohydrate metabolism of a particular person can always be checked with a glucometer.

Restrictions on the use of fruits containing fructose

Fruits are bound to the sweet taste of fructose, a monosaccharide that is twice the sweetness of glucose and four times lactose. However, juicy fruits differ from each other in the amount of carbohydrates and the speed of their assimilation, which means that under certain conditions, some fruits can be eaten with diabetes.

The sweeter the fruit and more fructose, the less they are suitable for diabetic nutrition. Some fruits should be significantly restricted in use, or even abandon them altogether.Most of all fructose is found in watermelons, dates, sweet cherries, blueberries, figs, persimmons and grapes. Thus, diabetics should choose those fruits and berries that are only slightly sweet in taste.

How to choose fruits, depending on the glycemic index

The glycemic index of sweet fruits must be taken into account in order to compile a list of foods for a diabetic patient. This indicator will tell you how quickly carbohydrates will be absorbed after eating a particular fruit.

If you eat the fruit of a plant with a glycemic index of more than seventy units, it will lead to a sharp jump in the level of glucose in the bloodstream, which will trigger a significant release of insulin. Thus, carbohydrates will not go to the liver and muscle tissue, and deposited in the form of fat.

A list of some fruits with an indication of the glycemic index and carbohydrates (per 100 g)

Rating for a diabetic menu:

  • Fine:
    • grapefruit - 22 / 6.5,
    • apples - 30 / 9,8,
    • lemon - 20 / 3.0,
    • drain - 22 / 9,6,
    • peach - 30 / 9,5.
  • Good:
    • pears - 34 / 9,5,
    • oranges - 35 / 9.3,
    • pomegranate - 35 / 11,2,
    • cranberries - 45 / 3.5,
    • Nectarine - 35 / 11.8.
  • Satisfactorily:
    • tangerines - 40 / 8.1,
    • gooseberry - 40 / 9,1.
  • Not desirable:
    • melon - 60 / 9,1,
    • persimmon - 55 / 13,2,
    • Pineapples - 66 / 11,6.
  • Delete:
    • raisins - 65/66,
    • watermelon - 75 / 8,8,
    • dates - 146 / 72.3.

Thus, in deciding what kind of fruit you can eat with diabetes, you should first of all focus on the indicators listed. If the carbohydrate digestibility rate index is below thirty, then such fruits can be eaten without fear.

Diabetics need to eat fruits that contain a lot of dietary fiber (fiber and pectin). Fiber is present in fruits in a soluble and insoluble form. Insoluble fiber normalizes the digestive organs and has a positive effect on the feeling of satiety. The soluble form perfectly reduces the level of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), containing "bad" cholesterol and monosaccharides in the bloodstream.

Most of all dietary fiber is in apples and pears, and both types of fiber are contained in the peel of the first fruit. These fruits of plants are very useful for people suffering from obesity, as they are able to reduce body weight.

For obese people, grapefruit will become an indispensable fruit, which in addition to weight loss contains many dietary fibers and ascorbic acid, which improves immunity. To normalize the weight will also help the kiwi, which is composed of enzymes that quickly break down fats. Other tropical fruits are mango, lime, pineapple, papaya and pomegranate.

You can add blueberries, oranges, strawberries, cherries, peaches, plums, raspberries and bananas to the list of healthy fruits and berries. It is important to focus on the glycemic index and the amount of carbohydrates in fruits, if they are quite high, then such fruits should be eaten in small portions.

Due to the inclusion of permitted fruits in the daily diabetic menu, the following effects can be achieved:

  • strengthen the body's defenses
  • improve metabolism
  • reduce the level of VLDL
  • reduce body fat
  • normalize blood pressure
  • saturate the body with nutrients
  • improve the functioning of the liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system and other organs.

Diabetes mellitus is of two types - insulin-dependent and insulin-independent. In the first case, patients do not need to strictly restrict the menu, that is, they can eat different fruits, but still have to control the amount of sugar entering the body. In case of diabetes of the second type, food must be dietary, and sweets are excluded. This is especially true of those people who are quickly gaining weight.

What fruits are best for diabetes type two?

Fruits for diabetics of the second type must be chosen with special care, since fructose, used in large quantities, can cause obesity. Thus, strongly sweet fruits with the second type of diabetes should be completely excluded from the menu.

What kind of fruit can be better with type 2 diabetes? It is necessary to know the glycemic index of each fruit, the indicators of the sugar content in the fruit and to clearly define the daily portion, which in no case can not be exceeded. Usually fruits for diabetics are selected acidic varieties. Fruits with low sugar content can be eaten up to three hundred grams per day. If the fruit is sweet enough, you can eat no more than two hundred grams per day.

Fruits for diabetics are better to use fresh, but the juice of them is forbidden to do. This is due to the fact that there is a lot of monosaccharides in the liquid obtained from the fruit, and the lack of fiber only accelerates the process of their absorption. For this reason, fruit juices can not drink to people suffering from diabetes.

Exceptions are pomegranate or lemon juice. These juices are often consumed because of their beneficial properties - lemon protects against atherosclerosis, and pomegranate improves blood quality and removes toxins from the body.

Since juices are strictly forbidden to drink in diabetes, it is possible to prepare various drinks from fruits. At the same time it is worth choosing not very sweet fruits. Drinks can be made from apples, grapefruit, quince, oranges, pears, cranberries, cranberries, raspberries, currants or gooseberries. Fruits and berries are good to use for cooking jelly, compote or non-alcoholic punch. Fruits are often added to herbal tea to improve the taste and aroma of the drink.

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  2. Bobrovich, P.V. 4 blood groups - 4 ways from diabetes / P.V. Bobrovich. - M .: Pourri, 2016. - 192 p.

  3. Kartelishev A.V., Rumyantsev A.G., Smirnova N.S. Actual problems of obesity in children and adolescents, Medpraktika-M - M., 2014. - 280 p.

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